In the effort to find meaning and reality we explore diverse realms of knowledge. Two such realms, theology and science, share a mutual history of divergence and even conflict. One of the better known historical examples involves the case of Galileo Galilei (1564–1642) who confronted the Catholic hierarchy with the view that the earth orbited the sun—a position that countered the contemporary dogma of a geocentric solar system. While Galileo recanted his view and the church position prevailed for the moment, Galileo’s ideas ultimately triumphed. Galileo’s case is indicative of the pattern of slow but steady assumption by science of the right to be the sole interpreter of the natural world. Before this onslaught of scientific data and logic, theology has retreated to the point where Richard Altick could make the observation, even at the end of the 19th century, that science “finally made unbelief respectable” (Altick, 1973, p. 233).