Article Type: Address

Appearance and Reality

What constitutes reality? People in general naively take for granted that the objects of their experience are real because they are material, fixed and permanent, and because, being independent of the human mind, they exhibit these characteristics whether or not they are being experienced. Yet it is well known that the same object appears quite differently to different people, and even to the same person at different times. Which of these appearances, then, is the real one?